Scotland has the ambition to become a hydrogen net exporter by 2045. A key enabler for a robust hydrogen energy system will be efficient transport and storage solutions.

The LHyTS project assesses the feasibility of bulk hydrogen transport using Liquid Organic Hydrogen Carriers (LOHC) from Scotland to Rotterdam. The report covers infrastructure for hydrogenation, loading, transportation, unloading, and dehydrogenation at Rotterdam to prepare hydrogen for distribution.

Two potential export terminals in Scotland, St Fergus and Sullom Voe Terminal, were considered, with the import location being Koole Terminals in the Port of Rotterdam. The project outlined two pilot trial scales: a small-scale scenario, resulting in the export of 40,100 tonnes of hydrogen per year by 2027, and a large-scale scenario, corresponding to 250,500 tonnes of hydrogen per year by 2031.

Three key findings emerged from the study:

  • Location Assessment: All locations reviewed as part of the feasibility study have sufficient land availability for the pilot trial.
  • Scenario Development: No technical barriers for transport and storage of hydrogen as LOHC were identified. Technology and scenario optimisation opportunities have been identified.
  • Cost Summary: The Levelised Cost of Hydrogen Transport (LCOHT) for the small- and large-scale scenarios are £4.80/kgH2 (€5.56) and £2.56/kgH2 (€2.96) respectively, assuming an operational period of 20 years.
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